Riga: The Baltic nation of Latvia Wednesday became the 18th member of the eurozone after three years of economic struggle.
After joining the European Union in 2004, Latvia took some time in joining the euro, with the Latvian government deciding in 2010 to enter the eurozone Jan 1, 2014, Xinhua reported.
It applied for eurozone membership in March 2013 and the European Union (EU) supported Latvia’s application on the condition that it would curb its inflation and debt level.
Latvia’s joining marks an easing of the debt-crisis pressure that has lasted for about five years.
There have been encouraging signs, particularly in recent months, that an economic recovery is under way in Europe. After contracting up until the first quarter of 2013, the European economy started to grow again in the next two quarters.
“Economic growth is expected to gradually gather pace over the forecast horizon to 1.4 percent in the European Union and 1.1 percent in the euro area in 2014,” according to the 2013 autumn economic forecast of the European Commission.
In 2015, the economic growth of the EU and the eurozone is expected to further accelerate, reaching 1.9 percent and 1.7 percent, respectively.
“There are increasing signs that the European economy has reached a turning point,” European Commission Vice President Olli Rehn said in September last year.
Analysts believe that by joining the eurozone, Latvia will not only benefit from EU’s sound ground for economic growth, but also see more convenience from external markets such as China, the US, Canada and Japan, which have held mutual investment or free trade deal talks with the European Union.
At the same time, Latvia could enjoy lower borrowing costs and more foreign investment.
Moreover, joining the eurozone could trigger the devaluation of Latvia’s currency and thus boost the country’s exports.
Valdis Dombrovskis, Latvia’s acting prime minister, said it was an opportunity for the country’s economic development as a member of the world’s second largest currency, though it should not relax its fiscal policy.
“We should know how to use this opportunity in the best possible way so as to facilitate the economic and social development of Latvia,” he said, adding that the move to become the eurozone’s 18th member would make 2014 an historic year for the country.
Tens of thousands of Latvians gathered at a square in capital Riga to celebrate the New Year and the adoption of the euro.
The euro and Latvia’s national currency lat have been simultaneously in circulation for two weeks, and the lat will cease to be legal tender Jan 15.
Latvia is the second Baltic Sea country to adopt the euro, following Estonia in 2011.