Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha has a long history. It has a large number of temples scattered in and at the outskirts of the city and is hence rightly called the ‘Temple City of India’.
The history of Bhubaneswar goes back to 2500 years. During the last several centuries, the historical city has seen many empires being formed and changed. The Bhubaneswar area first appears in history during the 5th century BC. The fortified city of Sisupalgarh in the outskirt had a well-developed civil and military architecture and was an established city state through the beginning of the 3rd century BC until the middle of the 4th century AD. The archaeological remains at Dhauli, and hills of Udayagiri and Khandagiri give evidence of both Jain and Buddhist settlements around Bhubaneswar in the first two centuries BC. Apart from this temple building reached the zenith of its glory between 7th and 12thcenturies, when thousands of sandstone temples were erected during the rule of Kesharis and Gangas. In the 15th century, the Mughals ruled the city. After independence from British, Bhubaneswar was declared the new capital replacing Cuttack.
Bhubaneswar holds an affluent artistic tradition, which enjoys reforming customs from the temples. The temple city showers us to the life of sanctified places with its charismatic love and blessings from its myriad Gods. Even the most casual spectator is thrilled at the sight of the majestic and sublime grandeur of its soaring between the sculpture and architecture, the superb workmanship of their carvings and the grand repertoire of their sculptural and architectural motifs.
Its sanctity of place had led the rulers of yesterdays to embellish the place with temples in all dimensions. The ancient capital of the Kalinga Empire and now the capital of Odisha, Bhubaneswar history dates back over 2000 years ago. With its many temples, dating from 8th to 13th Century AD, Bhubaneswar is known as the ‘Temple Town’.
It is said that one time the Bindu Sagar tank alone had 7000 temples around it, out of these only 500 or so still survive. This is the place where temple-building activities into the Odishian style blossomed from its very inception to its fullest terminating and extending over a period of over one thousand years.
Bhubaneswar is a rural Indian capital city with a delightful juxtaposition of modern building and ancient temples, which rise in gloomy splendor above new hotels, office blocks and industrial complexes. Being the seat of Tribhuvaneswar or the lord of the three worlds, Bhubaneswar is an important Hindu pilgrimage center.
Bhubaneswar is located in the eastern coastal plains of Odisha. Bhubaneswar is situated between 21° 15` North Latitude 85° 15` Longitude at an altitude of 45 meters above sea level. The average temperature ranges between 15 °C in the winter to a maximum of 40 °C to 45 °C in the summer. The average rainfall is 150 cm. It is in June that the city faces southeast monsoons.