Jharsuguda is situated at the Western end of Odisha on the State Highway-10. The river ‘IB’ flows along the Western side of Jharsuguda town and the river ‘Vheden’ flows in the South. The area of the town is 70.47 sq km. The town situated at a height of 700-750 feet above mean sea level.
Jharsuguda is rich in minerals deposits, especially coal. It is one of the most urbanised and industrially developed district of the State. The district is well connections with all parts of the country by rail and road. The district also has an airport that was established during World War II.
Jharsuguda is directly connected to Sambalpur, Rourkela, Bhubaneswar, Ahmadabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Cuttack, Delhi, Bilaspur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Puri, Patna, Kolkata, Raipur, Ranchi, Vishakhapatnam and many more cities of India. Jharsuguda is connected to the major towns of the state by SH-10 and NH-42.
Where to stay?
A good number of small, affordable and large size hotels, Pantha Nivas & other staying facilities are available in the district.
Jharsuguda district has a rich and developed cultural heritage. Though many of the fairs and festivals are common to other parts of the State, there are a few that are distinct and special.
- Ranjta Festival Sambalpur was established in the 16th century by the Lt. Chauhan king Balram Dev, a clansman of Prithvi Raj Chauhan, the last independent Hindu king of India. During the rule of the Chauhan kings, Ranjta festival was started in the capital town of Sambalpur and in the sub-ordinate states and Jamindaries of Sambalpur. This festival is observed every year on the night of 10th day of Suklapaksha of the month of Aswina. In the district the festival is observed in Jharsuguda town. On the day of the festival, the descendants of the Jamindars move in procession around the village or town along with ‘Patakhanda’ or (Royal sword).
- Famous Ratha Yatra of Kukurjanga As per the ancient tradition of Utkal, the reigning deities of Puri Shri Jagannath Temple, Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra & Devi Subhadra visit the house of their aunt (Mausimaa) in their respective chariots namely Nandighosa, Taladhwaja & Darpadalana through the ‘Badadanda’ on the 2nd day of the bright lunar fort night of the month of Asadha and return to Shree Mandir on the 10thday of the bright lunar fortnight. This festival known as Ratha jatra is observed through out the State and also in many places outside the state.
In a small village known as Kukurjanga, 7 km away from Jharsuguda some specialties are observed in the Rathajatra festival. Here every year, the Rathajatra starts from 2nd day of the bright fortnight of ‘Ashada’, but the Bahuda Jatra continues up to the Ashada Purnima.
In the Kukurjanga village under the erstwhile Rampur Jamindari, the Jagannath temple had been constructed in the 17th Century and since then the Rathajatra festival is organised by the “Managing Committee”. The Rath of Kukurjangha is a massive structure with 16 wheels.
Thousand of pilgrims from the nearby areas assemble at Kukurjangha to witness the Ratha Yatra festival every year.
- Famous Gokulastami Jatra of Rajpur Gokulastami Jatra is being observed with pomp & ceremony from the time of the Jamindar of Rajpur who were the descendent of ‘Madhukar Sai’ the king of Sambalpur. The festival symbolizes a folk ceremony signifying an Agrarian culture. The festival also symbolizes the welfare of cattle & other domestic animals used in agriculture. It is observed by the farmers of Rajpur every year on the 8th day of bright fortnight in the month of Margasira. The focal point of this festival is the Jagannath Temple, situated in-front of the palace of the Jamindar of Rajpur. From the evening of the 7th day of bright fortnight of Margasira an idol of Krishna, carrying the mount ‘Govardhan’ is prepared, which is worshiped in the midst of chanting of Bhajans & Kirtans. At every lane & street of Rajpur village shops and Bazaars are colorfully decorated. At every cross-road many cultural activities are organised through out the night. On the next day the Gokulastami festival continues from the morning till night. All the cattle folk of the village go for grazing since down. In the meantime rice, dal, curry & other vegetables are cooked in the premises of the village school.
- Sabita Ratha Yatra of Lord Jagannath at Belpahar Every year on the occasion of Makar Sankranti ‘Sabita Rath yatra’ is organised by the committee of the Jagannath temple of ‘Gumadera of Belpahar, 22 km away from Jharsuguda town. On this day the Sun (Sabita) dwells in Makara Rasi, hence the chariot Lord Jagannath of Gumadera has been named ‘Sabita Ratha’ or the ‘Sun chariot’. On the day of ‘Makar Sankranti’ the 3 deities of Jagananth temple ride on the Sabita Rath & travel to their Mausimaa (Aunt) house. The Gods later make their return journey from the Mausimaa temple. At that time Lord Chandrasekhar of Gumadera travels in a separate chariot towards the main road (Badadanda) near Batamangala on the Sabita rath & the chariot of Lord Chandra shekhar which is known as ‘Harihara Bheta’. To witness this unique meeting of the lords a large crowd gathers in the Badadanda. A colorful fair takes place at Gumadera during ‘Sabita Rath Yatra’.