Deogarh (Devagriha), or the abode of the Gods, is the headquarters of the sub-division of the same name in the district of Santhal Parganas, and is located four miles to the South-east of Jasidih Junction on the main line of the Eastern Railway from Howrah to Delhi. There is a small branch line of the same railway from Jasidih to Deogarh.
As a matter of fact, Deogarh is a far bigger and more important town than Dumka, the district headquarters. Deogarh or Devagriha has a large number of temples within the circumference of a few miles. The temple of Baidyanath or Shiva is the most important of all the temples and attracts a large number of pilgrims all the year round.
Bamanda-the citadel of creative artists dates back to 5th century A.D, when Mathara Royal Family was at the helm of the Administration. After this dynasty, Ganga Rulers came into power and established their capital at Deogarh. Deogarh attained all-round prosperity during the reign of Raja Basudev Sudhal Dev, the most enlightened rulers of this clan. A new horizon was innovated in the field of communication by the foundation of Jagannath Ballav press in 1886 and publication of a weekly magazine the “Sambalpur Hitaishini” in 1889. It was during his rule that the jail, police station, postoffices, Dispensaries were established and irrigation system was introduced. He had a telephone line of 78 miles connecting Bamara and Barkote in 1900 was the longest in India during that period. Bamanda’s own postal system was very developed. It got affiliated to the British Postal system in 1895. Sir Sudhal Dev, the then King of Bamanda had coined and issued postage stamps in his own Kingdom. He had promulgated paper currency also in his state.
After him, his illustrious son Raja Sachidananda Tribhuban Dev undertook the improvement activities of the erstwhile estate. The most outstanding developmental activities was the introduction of the hydro-electric system in Kodarkot water fall due to which the palace, cloth loom, the Sugar factory established in 1908 at Rambhei got power supply. During the reign of Bhanuganga Tribhuban Dev, the estate of Bamra was merged with Odisha on January 1, 1948 and it became a part of the district of Sambalpur.
District of Deogarh is situated in the Western region of the state having its Head Quarter at Deogarh. Deogarh is located between 21° 31′ North to 84 ° 43′ East longitude. Deogarh town is located 90 km to the East of Sambalpur town on NH-6.
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- AirwaysThe nearest airports for visiting places of interest in Deogarh district are at Bhubaneswar (280 km) and Raipur (376 km).
- RailwaysThe nearest rail heads for Deogarh are at Sambalpur (90 km), Bamra on the Nagpur-Hawrah Section of South Eastern Railway (103 km), Jharsuguda (98 m) and Rourkela (115 km) The railway station at Deogarh is called Baidyanath Dham.
- RoadwaysDeogarh town is 90 km to the east of Sambalpur Town on NH-6. The NH-6 passes through the district and acts as the main artery of inter-regional trade and other links. It is 115 km from Rourkela & 280 km from Bhubaneswar. Passenger buses run regularly from Bhagalpur, Dumka, Patna, Gaya, Monghyr, and other places in Bihar to Deogarh. Taxis and tangas are available at Deogarh. Tangas are available at Jaisidih railway station but not taxis.
Where to stay?
Though Deogarh is a small district in comparison with other districts, but the status of the district basically belongs to the families of the Rajas & Maharajas. So, the accommodations available here are also of royal quality. Though the number of star hotels can’t be found, but numbers of good hotels are available in the district.
There are three important fairs, namely, Shri Panchmi mela held in January, Shivaratri mela held in March and the Bhadra Purnima mela held in September. Shivaratri mela is attended by many visitors in the course of a fortnight. A number of lodging houses is available for pilgrims.