The district is named after its headquarters town Malkangiri. During formation of Odisha Province in 1936 Malkangiri was a “Taluk” of Nabrangpur sub-division of Koraput district of Odisha. In 1962 it was upgraded to a subdivision of Koraput District. The present Malkangiri got its identity as an independent district due to reorganisation of districts of Odisha with effect from October 2, 1992.

During the reign of Lord Ramachandra, Malkangiri occupied an important place in the entire “The Ramayana”. It was the holy river “The Tamasa” and its environs which encouraged Saint Balmiki to express his internal feelings in the form of The Ramayana, the holiest book of Hindus. This place was known as “Malyavantagiri” in the Ramayana. River the Tamasa flowing out of a cave has derived its name from a tribal word “Tansa”, which means cave. Banks of this river witnessed the creation of the largest mythological the Ramayana. The scenic beauty if this Malyavantagiri has found an important place in the “Dandi Ramayana” of Balaram Das.

Geographical Location
Malkangiri District lies between 17° 45′ North to 18° 40′ North Latidudes and 81° 10′ East to 82° 00′ East Longitude and at a height of 641″ (feet) form the sea level. This district is spread over an area of 5,791 sq km.

Place of Residence Sex Population Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes OBC/ General
Total Persons 504,198 107,654 289,538 107,006
Male 252,507 54,557 143,498 54,452
Female 251,691 53,097 146,040 52,554
Rural Persons 469,582 98,546 284,371 86,665
Male 234,614 49,914 140,837 43,863
Female 234,968 48,632 143,534 42,802
Urban Persons 34,616 9,108 5,167 20,341
Male 17,893 4,643 2,661 10,589
Female 16,723 4,465 2,506 9,752

How to reach there?
Railways connects Malkangiri to all major cities and towns in Odisha. There are regular interstate bus services from the nearby towns and cities. Taxis, auto-rickshaws, cycle-rickshaws and local bus services are available. Autos are also a main source of transport. Tourist taxis and deluxe buses are available on rent from travel services.

Where to stay?
There are number of hotels available in Malkangiri for a good stay.

The District is rich in minor forest-producesd such as Tamarind, Myrobalan, Adda leaves, Sabai Grass, Bidi leaves, Ranwolfia Serpentina. Teak, Bamboo and other miscellaneous Species in Motu and Malkangiri ranges are transported to Rajahmundry along the rivers Sabari and Godavari. Bamboos and Sabai Grass are supplied to paper mills at Rayagada down the road communication.

Places of Interest