The present district of Sambalpur came into existence on December 22, 1993.
The district enjoys an annual rainfall of 1,530 mm and has a maximum and minimum temperature of 47° Celsius and 11.8° Celsius respectively.

Sambalpur district lies between 20° 40′ N and 22° 11′ N latitude, 82° 39′ E and 85° 15′ E longitude with a total area of 6,702 sq. km. The district is surrounded by Deogarh district in the east, Bargarh and Jharsuguda districts in the west, Sundergarh district in the North and Subarnapur and Angul districts in the South. The district has three distinctive physiographic units such as, Hilly Terrain of Bamra and Kuchinda in the north, plateau and ridges of Rairakhol in the South-east.

Place of Residence Sex Population Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes OBC/ General
Total Persons 935,613 159,453 322,770 453,390
Male 475,122 80,710 161,756 232,656
Female 560,491 78,743 161,014 320,734
Rural Persons 681,835 119,969 293,534 268,332
Male 343,182 60,544 146,852 135,786
Female 338,653 59,425 146,682 132,546
Urban Persons 253,778 39,484 29,236 185,058
Male 131,940 20,166 14,904 96,870
Female 121,838 19,318 14,332 88,188

There are also two bus stands (Govt. and the private), about 3 km from the city centre, the main VSS Marg Bus stand, Private bus stand. The private stand has more regular services to major towns in the area. Regular buses go to Bhubaneswar, Puri and Cuttack. Private operated ‘Video Coaches’ also leave at night from Sambalpur’s main roads for Bhubaneswar and Raipur (in Chhattisgarh).

Sambalpur has two railway stations, the main Khetrajpur and the Sambalpur Road Station. The main station is about 3 km from the city centre whereas the second one is a little closer and most trains also stop here.

Where to stay?
There are number of hotels (including five star hotels) available in Sambalpur for a good stay.

Sambalpur celebrate many festivals including Sitala Sasthi, Nuakhai, Bhaijiuntia, Puajiuntia, Ganesh Puja, Laxmi Puja, Durga Puja among many others.